Obesity is described as the possession of an excess amount of weight which exceeds 20 percent of a normal body weight for each person. There are thousands of people across the world who suffer from excess amounts of weight placing them at increased risk for the development of disease. It is essential that one understand the health implications of living as an obese individual and ways to manage weight for healthier outcomes.
Body mass index or BMI measures the health of individuals in terms of weight in proportion to height. A BMI of between 25 to 29 is considered overweight whereas a BMI of 30 falls into the obese category. Morbidly obese individuals are often in excess of 50 to 100 percent of what is considered their normal mass and often possess a body mass index of 40 or higher.
Not only is excess weight experienced, but also an accumulation of fat around the major organs which means strained functioning. Individuals who consume in excess of a healthy amount of calories without incorporating exercise will eventually develop an obese state. In order to determine which options are available to manage lifestyle, it is necessary to understand risk and causes for this condition.
Genetics may contribute to a predisposition should lifestyle and weight not be effectively managed. With an increase in age there is also a decline in metabolic process. Psychological factors, medication as well as illness can all contribute to the development of an obese state.
The environment one is exposed to in terms of lifestyle is one of the single leading causes for the development of obesity. Regardless of factors such as age, genetics and gender, if you lead a considerably unhealthy lifestyle that does not include physical activity and increased consumption of processed foods will result in the development of excess fatty tissue. Physical activity is of utmost importance in the prevention of excess fatty tissue as one is able to burn the ingested calories and prevent additional fat storage.
Obese individuals are more likely to develop conditions such as heart disease, gall stones, sleep apnea and are at risk for heart attacks, diabetes and strokes. Excessive weight will also place tremendous pressure on all of the bodily joints which means the development of chronic illness such as osteoarthritis. The larger your size when compared to ideal weight for height, will result in increased risk for disease.
The goal for all individuals is to live a healthy lifestyle that is easy to manage and will assist in obesity. Changes should include the replacement of processed foods with fresh fruits, vegetables and wholegrains while incorporating exercise activity into daily living. A consultation with a physician is also important to rule out disorders such as thyroid problems and advise on support groups for healthy outcomes.